Published on April 14th, 2012 | by Robin Parker2
How to Make Communication Temptations Really Work
We have been thinking about communication opportunities & temptations for a long time. We actually think communication temptations are super fun (we promise, we really do have lives). We are not actors by nature but we can pull off almost anything for a communication temptation. We will pretend it is hard to open that jar, pretend we didn’t know that it is sooo hot, pretend we didn’t know the gorilla was in the room … at least until the learner lets us know. But……We still need to go past our acting skills to make communication temptations work. Here is a our quick 5 step process for making communication temptations work:
- Decide on the Goal- Goals can be anything from specific communication functions (i.e., requesting, protesting, showing off, greeting, commenting, etc.), semantic concepts (i.e., recurrence, action, attribute, locative, object etc…we need to always think about the goal), or even syntactical language concepts. I will never forget from wayyyy back in graduate school (Thank you so much Dr. Amy Wetherby– & yes, I was so lucky). I would be thinking ‘how can I entice communication more ‘? I knew I had great toys (thanks mom & dad for believing) but Dr. Wetherby would always write on my feedback– nice activity but…. “What’s the point”? or as I now know it to be ‘whats the specific goal’?.
- Plan and Set up the Communication Temptation- Again, way back to graduate school: Long distance relationships are not always great but for planning communication temptations, the commuting time (driving for hours between 2 colleges) really worked. I would think and think of how to tempt communication. One idea that I still use today is the use of a ‘ketchup’ cup instead of a regular cup for snack time. People often ask me, what is a ketchup cup– it is the little cups you get from a fast food restaurant to put the ketchup in (I have also used medicine cups). Over the years, we have been able to modify and now use espresso cups that are sold in our area. They look just like a regular paper cup just much smaller. Communication temptations have always been super fun to me even if I have been called some names that some people would find derogatory (torturer comes to mind). So what if I cut m & m’s in 4′s, my students could ask for as many as they wanted and I would give it to them, or so what if I stood in front of the TV while they were watching their favorite DVD, all they had to do was ask me to move. We think of it like this, the more communication temptations we do each day, the more practice our students will get being the initiator of communication and as they get better and better at being the initiator instead of the responder they will be able to get what they want, socially interact, and self advocate much more than if we taught them to only respond when we asked them what they wanted, or we initiated every interaction with a “look at this”.
- Model the Target Goal with Visual Supports/AAC system- Consider taking a turn with the communication temptation and model expectations. When you see a huge stuffed animal in the middle of a room, model the target language. Don’t forget aided language input (ALI). Then the next time you present the temptation, do #4.
- Implement a Wait & Signal Cue (use a time delay prompt)- Once you have the communication temptation in place, wait and expect communication. If nothing happens, try to use a gestural cue (gesture in general towards the visual support or AAC device), if nothing happens still (& this may occur when first introduced) use a more specific visual cue (point to the appropriate words/symbols), and if more cueing is needed then try a physical prompt (one of the great things about using visual supports/AAC, is that you can physically prompt unlike a spoken speech only approach where you can not get into someone’s mouth and move it to make the correct words).
- Reinforce Appropriately – Honor the temptation if it is a request (i.e., “more”- give the more- the toy, the food, etc.). Simultaneously, use a language expansion (i.e., more Lego’s). The general rule is if the learner uses 0 words, model 1 word, if the learner uses 1 word model 2 words, if the learner uses 2 words, model 3 words, and if the learner uses 3 words model 4 words. Once a learner is using 4 words then you can model several more words (i.e., Learner- “want the big one”….Language Facilitator ” Come on, give me the really big one because I am starving”). We use the reinforcement to give a more advanced form of language feedback with communication temptations. We always use a positive vocal intonation with our language expansion but we avoid saying ‘good talking’ or ‘great use of a descriptor’ because at best that helps general positive feelings and at worst for many of my learners, they learn to say ‘good talking’ after everything they do….. (talk about making someone look different)
- Temptation- Balls in a plastic jar that had a screw type top learner could not open (any other jars, he could figure out how to open, but we could always close screw tops tighter then he could open & glass jars could easily be thrown into a wall and……). Language Target progressed from ‘want ball’——- ‘want the ball with the rainbow inside’).
- Temptation-We would try to play with his favorite tennis ball but he had quick access to a no-tech symbol that indicated he wanted to ‘play alone’. Language Target- progressed from ‘alone’———-’want to play alone please just for a while’.
- Temptation-After playing tennis, we would serve water in a very small cup (we live in Florida and it is very very ….very hot) Language Target- ‘more—– please give me the big cup so I don’t wither away’.
- Temptation-Turn on the heat in the car (we still live in Florida, thanks Gwen (a mom) for this great idea). Language Target-progressed from ‘cool to please put on the air conditioner or else I may faint’
- Temptation- sit in the chair next to his mom after a session and he learned this usually meant we would have a long conversation with mom (he liked to leave once finished, he came to see us us after a full day of school) Language Target- progressed from ‘hurry’ to ‘please mom, I want to leave right now’.